For History Buffs: A World Heritage Site - The Infamous Fremantle Prison In Perth, Western Australia 探索西澳最古老的监狱: 弗里曼特尔监狱
History buffs will love this attraction. Fremantle Prison is the largest and most intact convict built prison in Australia and is Western Australia’s only World Heritage Listed Building. It was continuously used as a place of incarceration for almost 140 years. The prison was decommissioned as a maximum-security gaol in 1991. The Fremantle Prison is a seriously impressive piece of architecture. It has it’s own dramatic history.
The impressive building took eight years to to construct the limestone structures using convict labour, and housed some of the most dangerous prisoners Australia has seen. Built by convicts sent over from Britain, the prison’s closure in 1991 marked the end of its 136-year history. Daytime tours, tunnel tours and the infamous ghostly night-time tour at the prison are all available for tourists each offering a different experience.
The World Heritage Site also houses a museum containing all kinds of artefacts and artwork, and a great place to go and learn more about crime and punishment through history. This amazing prison is one of the best places to see in Australia. Its historic value and artifacts are a must see for every history lover. You will definitely have a nice time after visiting this prison.
百年前的澳大利亚仍是荒蛮流放之地，弗里曼特尔监狱(Fremantle Prison)曾经是西澳(Western Australia)最古老使用时间最久的监狱。近150年，弗里曼特尔监狱是一个关押囚犯，使其痛苦的地方。杀人犯、强奸犯、小偷和其他罪犯在这条长廊中游荡——这是他们一生中最后生活的地方。暴力是监狱历史最多的组成部分，常年的暴乱、鞭笞、死刑，更不用说被关在这里的人都是因为暴力犯罪。难怪坊间传说这里有幽灵游荡在空荡的囚室。
To the side of the main entrance can be found the preserved staff quarters and family homes.
弗里曼特尔监狱有别于其他古老的澳洲监狱的是它提供四种不同的导游服务。它们分别是坐牢游 （Doing Time Tour），大逃亡游 （Great Escapes Tour），火把游 （Torchlight Tour）以及渠道游 （Tunnels Tour）。
You can start off by visiting the living quarters in which prisoners once lived in the Main Cell Block. The Doing Time Tour will give you a great insight into the history of the prison.
On the Great Escapes Tour you’ll hear stories all about the daring bids for freedom made by old prisoners, whilst looking out at the huge walls, the rifle range and the gun towers.
Take the Tunnel Tour to go deep underground and explore the routes that used to supply the patch with fresh water, dug out by those convicts who’d been sentenced to hard labour. To explore the prison at night and hear some brutal stories from the whipping post and the morgue go on the Torchlight Tour.
For a rather gentler take on the old gaol take the Prison Art Tour, on which you’ll get to see some of the paintings produced by inmates in former times. At the Vistior and Convict Centres you can also see artefacts and find out more about the history of Fremantle.
1）坐牢游 （Doing Time Tour）将为游客展示从1850年至1991年期间，不同囚犯在弗里曼特尔监狱里的生活。对于普通游客而言，这所最高级警备监狱之门关闭的一刻，也许是他们今生都难忘的体会。
2）大逃亡游 （Great Escapes Tour）简直就是越狱的历史真人版。尽管费里曼图监狱号称全澳戒备等级最高的监狱，但是仍然有成百上千的犯人还是从这里逃走了! 游客可以从中体会囚犯们拼劲全力誓死逃离监狱的决心。那种鼓起勇气，壮起胆子，巧妙而充满凶险的的大逃亡之路。
3）火把游 （Torchlight Tour）是考验游客胆量的旅游项目，在晚上进行。小于10岁的儿童不宜参加，并且火把游需要提前预约。
You can see many things in this prison and can gain information about various convicts, incidents and prisoners. Along with various artifacts, there are Cell Divisions in this prison. Division 1 was for short termed convicts, those who were punished for 24 hours to one year. Division 2 was for those who have spent their entire life in that prison. There was also a specific area for former policemen and guards. This separation from general population is made for their own personal safety. There was no confusion between these divisions at that time.
Measuring 1.2 meters by 2.1 meters, this was an inmate's cell in 1862. Rainwater was collected in tanks on the roof and brought to the prisoners in buckets. This is why the prisoners were happy to be out in the yards all day building the walls and roads around them. It beat being confined to this.
In 1899, the Royal Commission determined that the cells were inhumane, and knocked down adjoining walls, doubling the room size for each inmate.
However, that cut the number of prisoners the facility could hold in half. In 1960, they ran out of space, so bunk beds were installed in each room, essentially returning the living space per inmate to what it was originally.
In the last 12 months of the Prison's operations some prisoners were granted permission to paint on the cell walls and on the walls of the exercise yards, as a farewell gesture. Here's one by an Aboriginal inmate.
This is the kitchen. A cook was the best job you could get as a prisoner, because it meant you knew what was in your food. The prison continued a tradition of the British Navy, since aboard their ships was how most prisoners arrived in Australia. Every Friday was fish and chips day, a tradition that is still honored around the world.
And this is where the prisoners went to die. The gallows. Death row criminals were hung, and over 40 inmates died in this room.
This amazing touring site was originally known as “The Establishment”. It was constructed to hold almost 1000 prisoners but by 1886, only 60 convicts were kept there. But during 1890s, the gold rush started and the prison became active very quickly. It served many purposes and its biggest use was during Second World War, when military took over the prison to hold enemies.
This historical site will make sense of everything you see in Fremantle. It will give you an introduction to the city and cultural respect for the traditions and locations that are important to West Australians. Taking a tour of the Fremantle Prison is guaranteed to be one of your most memorable holiday moments, not to mention it’s a lot of fun. Visiting the prison is absolutely recommended. It’s one of my personal favorite attractions in the entire country. If you ever go to Perth, this really should be on your must-visit list.