I can't help but fall in love with Copenhagen's historical architecture. The Danish attention to detail is absolutely stunning. History is everywhere in Copenhagen where cobblestone streets, palaces and royal artefacts make for a beautiful backdrop to the modern life lived by the Copenhageners of today. Remarkably, you rarely find the new clashing with the old. More often than not, the contemporary architecture in Copenhagen actually heightens the experience of the historic buildings and streets. Whether you are into old historical, royal castles or enjoy exploring urban architecture, Copenhagen has it all and best of all, within easy walking distance from each other. Walking is certainly the best and most pleasurable way to see Copenhagen. Just be careful not to step on to the bicycle lanes that run along beside the pavements. This is strongly frowned upon as bikes have the right of way here. The normally placid Danes take serious umbrage to that, especially during rush hour.
If you wish to save some time or energy, you can also get around Copenhagen using the city’s efficient metro/urban train transportation system. This will prove particularly useful in order to get to some of the further lying attractions. All the major attractions in Copenhagen are easily accessible by public transport, and switching from one form of transport to another is very seamless.
The Copenhagen Card is a convenient city pass that accords you free access to many best attractions and sights in the city. The other advantage of having the Copenhagen Card is that it gives you unlimited free access to the city’s public transport network in the greater Copenhagen region. The Copenhagen Card has a 24-, 48-, 72-, or 120-hour validity. Overall, I found the Copenhagen Card is an inexpensive way to experience the best of Copenhagen. Ultimately, the question of whether the Copenhagen Card is worth it depends on how much you want to get out of the city. If you plan on visiting a lot of cultural attractions and museums, then it is definitely worth investing in the card. If not, then maybe the Copenhagen Card isn’t worth buying.
Copenhagen City Hall 市政厅
Christiansborg Palace 克里斯蒂安堡宫
Christiansborg Palace was built in Neo-baroque style, the Royal family does not live here, but is currently used as the seat of the Danish Parliament, the Danish Prime Minister’s Office, and the Supreme Court of Denmark.
Børsen (The Old Stock Exchange) 旧股票交易中心
If you are in Copenhagen, the chances are that you will be passing by Børsen (a.k.a. the Old Stock Exchange) at some point. Situated just next to the Christiansborg Palace, the characteristic of the building makes it hard to miss. The building has a spire which is formed from the tails of four dragons entwining together. The spire is topped by three crowns, symbolizing the Scandinavian empire (Denmark, Norway and Sweden).
Børsen played a central role in the history of Denmark for the next three centuries, housing the Danish stock market until 1974. Today, Børsen is the home of Dansk Erhverv, a.k.a the Danish Chamber of Commerce. However, it is not open to the public.
Church of Holmen (a.k.a. Holmens Kirke) is a Parish church dedicated to the Navy. The building is located opposite the Old Stock Exchange. It was built in 1563 as an anchor forge and was converted in 1619 into a church.
Højbro Plads (literally "High Bridge Square") is a rectangular public square located diagonally opposite the Christiansborg Palace. It takes its name from the Hoibro Bridge, which connects it to the island of Slotsholmen on the other side of the canal, and Gammel Strand stretches along the near side of the canal.
The most striking feature of the square is the equestrian statue from Absalon, a bishop warrior who was traditionally enlisted as the founder of Copenhagen.
Amalienborg Palace 阿玛琳皇宫
Amalienborg Palace is considered to be one of the finest examples of the Rococo style of architecture in Europe and is also where the Danish royalty currently reside. Amalienborg Palace comprises of four mansions and the octagonal courtyard surrounded by them. At the centre of the court stands a much-admired equestrian statue of Frederick V. Originally the mansions were city residences for nobility. After a fire at the royal residence, the royal family moved to Amalienborg, and they have continued to use the mansions as residences and for state functions.
One can also watch members of the Royal Guard in the area surrounding the Amalienborg Palace. The change of Guard takes place at the square of Amalienborg at noon daily.
The Marble Church 大理石教堂
In the near vicinity of Amalienborg, lies the magnificent Marble Church (a.k.a. Frederik's Church). This church, as its name implies, is made almost entirely of marble, and has the largest church dome in Scandinavia.
It is also one of the most beautiful churches in Copenhagen that stands out for its undeniable splendor. All this makes the Marble Church one of the must-sees for those who visit the wonderful city of Copenhagen.
A series of statues of prominent theologians and ecclesiastical figures, including one of the eminent Danish philosopher Kierkegaard (who, incidentally, had become very critical of the established church by the end of his life), encircles the grounds of the building.
Round Tower 圆塔
The Round Tower, formerly Stellaburgis Hafniens, a 17th century tower, is best known for its equestrian staircase, spiral corridor leading to the platform at the top for extensive views of Copenhagen.
The tower is part of the Trinitatis complex, which also provided the university chapel, Trinitatis Church and the Academic Library, which were the first premises of the Copenhagen University Library, founded in 1482, to scholars of the time. Today, the Round Tower serves as an observation tower overlooking Copenhagen, a public astronomical observatory and a historical monument. The library hall above the church is accessible only from the ramp of the tower and is a venue for exhibitions and concerts.
已有400年历史外形粗短的圆塔也是标志性建筑之一，与以有500多年历史的哥本哈根大学图书馆和圣母教堂 (Vor Frue Kirke) 互为辉映，充分体现了建筑设计方面的高深造诣。围绕中心圆塔里面是通体环绕的倾斜坡道，坡道的地面是由红砖铺筑，白色的墙壁和拱形的窗户，造就了圆塔体内独特的风格，拾阶而上，是视觉上的一种绝妙享受，登上圆塔顶楼，可以俯视哥本哈根全城风光，美不胜收。
Church of Our Lady Cathedral (a.k.a Vor Frue Kirke)
Church of Our Lady Cathedral (a.k.a Vor Frue Kirke) is located next to the historic main building of Copenhagen University.
Copenhagen University Library 哥本哈根大学图书馆
Copenhagen University Library is the oldest library in the country. The library, now part of the Royal Library of Denmark, serves as the primary research library of the University of Copenhagen.
The University of Copenhagen was founded in 1479.
St. Peter's Church 圣伯多禄教堂
St. Peter's Church is a historic church being the oldest preserved church in Copenhagen and the domicile of the German-speaking congregation connected to the Evangelical-Lutheran Church in Denmark for over 400 years. It is just located opposite the Vor Frue Kirke cathedral.
Nyhavn Harbour 新港头
Nyhavn is one spot that you absolutely can’t miss in Copenhagen, as this pretty harbour is the one you’ll probably see on most postcard images of the city. The rows of colourful 17th century buildings is undeniably gorgeous from every angle. It's a place where you can feel the history just by soaking it in.
It is very quaint and beautiful and makes you feel like you're a part of Scandinavian culture.
Built by Swedish prisoners of war in the 1670s, it seen many iterations in its nearly 350-year history, from cargo port, to entertainment district for sailors, to the picturesque waterfront promenade it is today.
Hans Christian Andersen lived in three different houses along the Nyhavn Canal, spending nearly 20 years of his life there.
There is a strip on either side of the canal with restaurants and bars to sit and relax, to take in this splendid site that epitomizes Copenhagen. The bright colored buildings and boats give it a very inviting, fresh and vibrant feel.
Kongens Nytorv (aka the King’s New Square) 国王新广场
Copenhagen’s Kongens Nytorv is one of the most interesting squares in the city. Whoever is on the road in Copenhagen will sooner or later discover this square, especially the well-kept green area in the middle of the square, whose centre is decorated by an equestrian statue of King Christian V.
Some of Copenhagen’s most beautiful buildings can still be found around the square today. Until today, the Kongens Nytorv is one of the most beautiful and interesting squares of the city. The square is also a traffic junction both above ground and underground, as the metro station Kongens Nytorv is located here.
One of the most impressive buildings on the square is Charlottenborg Castle including the Royal Danish Academy of Arts. In front of the castle there is a gorgeous palace in which today, the French embassy has its seat. In addition, the D`Angleterre, built in 1795, is the oldest hotel in the city. At the biggest square of Copenhagen there is also the theatre Det Kongelige that was built in 1749. Behind the theatre is the department store Magasin du Nord. Kongens Nytorv is also home to the popular shopping street Strøget.
The architecture of Copenhagen is to fall in love with. If you are a history or architecture buff, you will love Copenhagen too.