Prague Castle And St Vitus's Cathedral At Captivating Prague In Czech Republic 捷克布拉格古美浪漫之旅 (布拉格城堡, 圣维塔大教堂)
Prague's skyline is dominated by the vast hilltop complex of Prague Castle, which looks out over the city centre from the west bank of the River Vltava. There's been a royal seat here for over a millennium and it continues to serve as headquarters of the Czech president but the castle is also home to one of Prague's most chief tourist attractions: the Gothic Cathedral of St Vitus. The best thing about the place, though, is that the public are free to roam around the atmospheric courtyards and take in the views from the ramparts from early in the morning until late at night.
St. Vitus’s Cathedral regally over the other buildings of Prague Castle. This fairytale cathedral, the largest in the Czech Republic, was centuries in the building – as a matter of fact, ten centuries. This Gothic cathedral among the most beautiful in Europe, is the spiritual heart of Prague Castle and of the Czech Republic itself. The Cathedral has a long and chequered history. The history of Prague began with the construction of the castle in the 9th century. Its attractive mix of palaces, churches, museums, gardens and galleries gives a fascinating insight into the origins of the city. Once inside, it's difficult not to be impressed by the sheer height of the nave and struck by the modern fixtures and fittings, especially the stained-glass windows.
在布拉格总统府大院中坐落着一座古老的教堂, 这就是欧洲著名的哥特式建筑圣 - 圣维塔大教堂 St Vitus's Cathedral, 教堂近百米高的尖顶让其当仁不让地成为布拉格最重要的地标建筑. 圣维塔大教堂素有布拉格城堡建筑之宝的美誉, 不但具有丰富的建筑特色, 是布拉格城堡王室加冕与辞世后长眠之所. 位于城堡区的圣维塔大教堂是捷克共和国首都布拉格的一座天主教堂, 也是捷克最大, 最重要的一座教堂, 属于罗马天主教布拉格总教区的主教座堂.
我带着新奇的心情来到了布拉格的圣维塔大教堂, 结果是令我非常震撼, 特别是里面的装饰, 藏品金光闪闪, 令人回味.
Prague Castle is a challenging tourist objective but worth the effort. It’s massive and like the Louvre in Paris, easy to get lost amid the splendor. Added to that, the history is unfamiliar to most of us. This stunning architectural achievement, which took centuries to complete, reigns supreme from a hill above the rest of the city. It is also the seat of the city of Prague. The first buildings of the small settlement that grew into the capital of Bohemia were constructed here.
According to the Guinness Book of World Records, the Prague Castle is the largest coherent castle complex in the world, with an area of almost 70,000 sqm. A UNESCO World Heritage site, it consists of a large-scale composition of palaces and ecclesiastical buildings of various architectural styles, from Roman-style buildings from the 10th century through Gothic modifications in the 14th century.
The castle guards may look imposing, but they don’t mind if you sidle up for a photograph. The hourly changing of the Gurad at the main gates is a fairly subdued affair, but every day at noon, there's a much more elaborate parade, accompanied by a modern fanfare.
St. Vitus Cathedral is the largest and the most important church in Prague. Apart from religious services the coronations of Czech kings and queens also took place in here. The cathedral is a place of interment of remains of provincial patron saints, sovereigns, noblemen and archbishops. For more than 600 years, the roofs of Prague Castle have been overlooked by the towers of St Vitus Cathedral. The cathedral, whose original name is St Vitus, St Wenceslas and St Adalbert Cathedral, is the biggest and the most important church in the Czech Republic. It’s the seat of the Archbishop of Prague and the place where saints, kings, princes and emperors of Bohemia are buried. It’s one of the best examples of Gothic architecture.
The Neo-Gothic part of the cathedral consists of the main nave and the narrow side aisles, lined with chapels, and the northern wing of the transverse nave. The chapels have stained glass windows. The different conception of its architecture and its magnificent decoration emphasize its importance as the central point of the cathedral as a whole.
You can see the spires of St Vitus’s Cathedral from all around the center of Prague. As you walk into the main area of Prague Castle it is smack bang in front of you and is incredibly impressive.
圣维塔大教堂位于维尔塔瓦河左岸的布拉格城堡内, 是布拉格的地标之一, 也是中欧地区的第一座哥特式大教堂, 以其金色大门, 飞扶壁和独特的波希米亚风格室内装饰而着称.
哥特式建筑极尽精美奢华, 特别是布拉格的哥特式建筑真是漂亮. 玫瑰窗是哥特式建筑的特色之一.
Its bronze door is decorated with reliefs with scenes from the history of the cathedral.
圣维塔大教堂外观雄伟, 塔尖高触苍穹, 内部结构精巧, 遍布塑像和名画, 从教堂中堂, 内殿到南塔共有十九座小礼拜堂, 里面安放着皇室成员和主教的遗体, 此外教堂里还收藏着价值连城的教堂珍宝以及14 世纪以来捷克国王沿用的王冠和权杖.
St Vitus’s is huge and beautiful and is without a doubt the highlight of Prague Castle.
Stained glass window at St Vitus's Cathedral from various periods from the 1400s to the 1900s.
有幸一睹教堂内彩色玻璃窗的慕夏之窗, 锯齿形拱顶, 大教堂内棺椁上的雕像, 壁画, 祭坛与各式波西米亚装饰.
跟欧洲许多知名教堂一样经历了几个世纪主教座堂才慢慢完成, 历经文艺复兴和巴洛克的特色, 产生混搭风的建筑艺术.
If you have got the stamina, climb the stairs to the top of the Prague Castle tower for some of the best views over the city.
圣维特教堂的西塔是布拉格的制高点登上 287 阶的楼梯能看到最美丽的布拉格风景.
Palace gardens below Prague Castle are a wonderful place to relax and have a look at Lesser Town and Prague’s splendid red roofs are the terraced gardens below the Castle.
While standing on their upper terraces, you can enjoy views of the roofs of the Lesser Quarter dominated by the cupola of St Nicholas’ Church, Petrin Hill, dominant features of the Old Town and the quarters behind it, the shining surface of the River Vltava etc. Planted with a variety of trees, shrubs and numerous other plants, the gardens offer charms which are definitely worth checking out.
离开城堡的大阶梯. 不管从那个方向, 小巷总是七拐八拐, 记住一点顺着人流就能到达你想要到的地方.
A walk around St Vitus's Cathedral takes you back through a thousand years of history. Your visit to Prague won’t be complete without seeing the St Vitus Cathedral. Everyone knows great things take time and the St Vitus's Cathedral is no different - it took more than 600 years to be built.
看过大教堂里面, 真觉得布拉格的教堂很有内涵, 在这样的地方静静的坐一坐心中难免有点震撼. 没有奇遇, 没有艳遇, 布拉格依然带给我浪漫, 没有摩天高楼, 没有玻璃幕墙, 布拉格依旧热闹繁华, 我静静地漫步在古老的街道上, 继续寻找神秘的布拉格.
Captivating Prague In Czech Republic 捷克布拉格古美浪漫之旅 - To be continued…..